40% of the losses that happen in modern agriculture occur at the post-harvest level, which includes processing services. Thanks to the processes brought about by the Green Revolution, we can now farm in places where the air feels as hot as an oven. During a good weather year, you could get 2-3 crops of hay from a single field. It was beneficial because it helped produce more food and prevented the starvation of many people. The Need to Fallow Lands Is Eliminated. This modern technology does not bother about the kind of soil for farming, it only thinks about the area and does whatever needed for crop cultivation, Therefore, it does not replenish or retain the soil fertility. The Government took several steps to improve irrigation facilities in rural areas. The spread of the agricultural practices of the Green Revolution may have helped to reduce hunger issues in developing countries, but it also created a significant deficit in agro-diversity and wild biodiversity around the globe. Two changes are significant. The new materials added to the soil and plants polluted the soil and water systems around the fields. 3. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Economics. Visit the DSST Environmental Science: Study Guide & Test Prep page to learn more. So, let us take a look at some of the pros and cons of Green Revolution to have a clear overview of the matter. Despite these issues which are worth noting, the Green Revolution has forever modified the way agriculture is practised globally, helping the people of different countries in need of the increase in food production. All these things are together termed as, package programme. This practice demands large tracts of land, which are not always available, large volumes of water and intensive amounts of fertilizers. Now that Green Revolution is here, this has changed, not only leading to more produce, but also making it healthier. The important achievements of the package programme are: (i) Increase in the total production of crops. There are also links to soft tissue sarcomas and malignant lymphoma to certain herbicides and pesticides. Poor farming practices, which include over-using products and not using masks, kill up to 20,000 people each year because of direct exposure. Generally, the unexpected rise in the demand for labour in these regions encouraged labour-saving practices and mechanization. There have been some cases with this modern farming method, where unknown ailments have plagued the health of various crop species. As a result of high-yielding varieties of wheat the production of wheat rose to high level of 5000 to 6000 kg. The health hazards of the new technology can also not be lost sight of. Norman Borlaug helped introduce this high-yield variety of wheat to other countries in need of increased food production, and he eventually won a Nobel Peace Prize for his work with developing high-yield crops and for helping prevent starvation in many developing countries. 4. 9. Thanks to the advantages of the Green Revolution, we can generate annual yields without the requirement for the fields to stay fallow. Also, the approach of the government towards the issues of rehabilitation and treatment of sufferers of accidents when using farm machines is that of total negligence. - Definition, Characteristics & Features, Public Good in Economics: Definition, Theory & Examples, Internal Migration: Types, Trends & Consequences, Economic Factors Impacting Economic Development, ICSE Environmental Science: Study Guide & Syllabus, UExcel Microbiology: Study Guide & Test Prep, High School Chemistry: Homework Help Resource, AP Environmental Science: Help and Review, College Chemistry: Homework Help Resource, Prentice Hall Biology: Online Textbook Help, AP Environmental Science: Tutoring Solution, AP Environmental Science: Homeschool Curriculum. It can be wiped out with one devastating disease. Your productivity levels begin to decrease, and then your creativity levels start to tank. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you If we continue to lean on these practices to supply ourselves with food, the entire agricultural system could collapse before the end of the century. Multiple cropping is when a field is used to grow two or more crops throughout the year, so that the field constantly has something growing on it. 7. First, the proportion of cereals in the food grains output has increased and the proportion of pulses has declined. All rights reserved. Among the most prominent shortcomings of Green Evolution is mono-culturing. The chemical fertilizers made it possible to supply crops with extra nutrients and, therefore, increase yield. These were thy regions of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. It also resulted in lower production costs and sale prices of produce. The health risks in this modern technology cannot be overlooked. What Is The Actual Importance Of Recycling, 12 Main Advantages and Disadvantages of Ocean Thermal Energy, 101 Unbelievable Facts about Solar Energy. These new advances in farming and agricultural technology have been used by farmers everywhere around the world, this change in agriculture is called the Green Revolution. Merits of green revolution : 1. Demerits of green revolution : 1. Presently, things are a lot easier, whereby, a lot of the crops are grown on a massive scale and even done by smaller farming communities. Over the years many significant agricultural changes have occurred in order to supply enough food for the growing human population. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Before we go into the Disadvantages of the Green Revolution, the Author Walt Davis (Also a Former in Texas) explains the Green revolution delusion in his book in his book at Amazon. With automation, Green Revolution has made farming more predictable. After breeding these plants selectively, they all evolve and have the attributes of larger seeds. The result of this information transfer to the agricultural industries resulted in a significant increase in production around the world, with an emphasis on heightened productivity in developing countries. This modern method of farming has allowed farmers to re-plant the same crops without fallowing their lands, which is another significant achievement of the inculcation of technology and knowledge in agriculture. It is also defined as the period when the productivity of agriculture worldwide multiplied substantially due to new advances in science and technology. He introduced this variety of wheat in Mexico and within twenty years the production of wheat had tripled. With this revolutionary farming technique, agriculture can be done almost everywhere. Help to grow more crops: Around the same time Mexico was facing severe food shortages because of the increasing population.
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